Mykola Korniyovych Pymonenko was a Ukrainian artist who is known for his paintings featuring farmers, rural and working-class people. He was born near Kyiv which was part of the Russian Empire and painted icons when he was young. He studied in Saint Petersburg where he met and married the daughter of one of his professors. In 1884 returned to Kyiv due to poor health and began to teach, first at a private school, and then at the Kiev Polytech School. He died in 1912
Pymonenko is greatly revered in Ukraine to this day. A street was named after him in 1957 and a museum about his art opened in 1997.