Margaret Macdonald Mackintosh
Margaret Macdonald Mackintosh was born Margaret Macdonald in Tipton, United Kingdom on November 5, 1864. Mackintosh is most well-known for her Art Nouveau gesso panels created for interiors and heavy contribution to the emergence of the “Glasglow Style” in the late 1800s. She attended the Orme Girls’ School in Staffordshire as an adolescent and by 1890 had enrolled and was studying design at the Glasglow School of Art. In the 1890s she and her younger sister Frances founded Macdonald Sisters Studio in Glasglow. In 1900, she married well-known architect and designer Charles Rennie Mackintosh, with whom she collaborated frequently. In a letter to her, Charles Rennie Mackintosh said: “Remember, you are half if not three-quarters in all my architectural work …” She heavily relied on her imagination to create the 140 documented works, about half of which consisted of watercolours and metalwork. Much of her inspiration was drawn from works of literature, such as the Bible, the Odyssey, poems, and plays. Well-known pieces of hers include The May Queen (1900), Oh ye, all ye that walk in Willowwood (1903), and Seven Princesses (1907). After she passed away on January 7, 1933 in Chelsea, United Kingdom due to ill health, her work continued to attract critical acclaim and has been exhibited in Glasglow, London, Paris, and Vienna amongst other international locations.