Horace Pippin was a self-taught artist, the grandchild of slaves. His work illustrates the lives of African Americans in the United States representing small town rural life. Pippin fought in World War I serving with the famous Harlem Hellfighters, an all black infantry. He documented segregation in the military during his service through sketched journals. His work received high acclaim throughout his life and was exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the National Gallery of Art, and the Tate Gallery.