Grace Crowley was an Australian modernist painter. In the 1930s, Crowley was a leader of the second phase of the modern movement in Australian art. Crowley was well educated in Cubism, and her cubist paintings are among her most well-known works. By the 1940s, she was one of the first Australians to explore purely abstract art. Crowley’s colorful, geometric abstract paintings created between 1947 – 1953 portray her advancements and profound involvement in Australian Modernism.