Grace Crowley was an Australian modernist painter. In the 1930s, Crowley was a leader of the second phase of the modern movement in Australian art. Crowley was well educated in Cubism, and her cubist paintings are among her most well-known works. By the 1940s, she was one of the first Australians to explore purely abstract art. Crowley’s colorful, geometric abstract paintings created between 1947 and 1953 portray her profound involvement in Australian Modernism.