American lithographer George Hayward was born in England in 1800 but lived and worked most of his life in New York City. He produced lithographs depicting bustling towns and waterways, showcasing the development and utilization of industrialization. Lithographs required hand-drawn designs on a flat stone affixed by a chemical process. This method was the preferred medium to exhibit the growth of small towns during the latter half of the 19th century, because lithography allows an artist to create high-quality images with scrupulous detail. Many of Hayward’s images include townspeople interacting with and among their urban environments. Hayward died in Brooklyn, New York, in 1872.