Born in Inglewood, Victoria, in 1860, Alice Chapman was the firstborn child with three younger sisters. After her schooling, Chapman began formal artist training at the National Gallery of Victoria Art School from 1876-1886. During her studies, she became a member of the Heidelberg School, which was proactive in the development of Australian impressionism. After the completion of her artistic training, Chapman housed a studio in Melbourne. She specialized in portraiture and genre paintings as well as still life. In 1894 she was appointed an Honorary Life Governor of the Bendigo Art Gallery and won the Gold Medal for figure painting. Chapman was also a member of the Victorian Artists’ Society until 1908 and exhibited artwork regularly until 1892. Although in 1911, she took the responsibility of her late sister’s children and devoted less time to her art.